Tooth Decay Explained

Inside the human mouth is covered with large quantity of bacteria, which grow and replicate inside the mouth. The ingested foods, especially those that are rich with sugars, provide the essential nutrition for these bacteria to continue living inside the mouth and produce acid by breaking down carbohydrates.

By regularly brushing your teeth and cleaning your mouth, and using mouthwash, these bacteria are mostly killed. However, in cases of prolonged neglection, bacteria will start to accumulate and continue their acid production to gradually damage the enamel, which is the protective surface of your teeth.

This continual and gradual damage to the teeth will eventually lead to formation of a hole in your teeth, referred to as a cavity. Once through the enamel, the bacteria reaches the softer and bone-like material tissue, called dentine, which is much easier to decay. Much of this is a gradual process and may not cause much discomfort, but it does not mean that tooth decay is not occurring.

The most commonly decayed teeth are the teeth at the back of your jaws, also known as molars and premolars, as these are larger in size and have large flat surface on top, which makes it more suitable for bacterial growth. These teeth are also normally harder to clean and food particles are more likely to become stuck between molars and premolars. Nevertheless, most cases of tooth decay, if treated early, are dealt with very easily with minimum discomfort. However, if the decay reaches the dentine, root canal procedure may be the only treatment left. You are highly advised to monitor the general health status of your teeth and gum by setting regular check-ups with your dentist. For further information on the latest dental treatments and information on other dental problems visit: Camden High Street Dental Practice.