Periodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of all structures surrounding your teeth. It is a Greek word where perio means around, and odonto means tooth.

Periodontist is not involved with regular dental treatment such as fillings, extractions, or prostheses. Rather, he treats conditions like Alveolar bone resorption and gingival diseases.

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Periodontics involves treating and caring for the following structures

• Alveolar bone: this is the jaw bone lining the teeth sockets.
• Gingiva: the pink tissues surrounding the teeth, also called the gums.
• Periodontal ligament: means the elastic strings of connective tissues that attach the tooth cementum to the alveolar bone.
• Cementum: the calcium layer covering the tooth root.

Conditions that require a visit to our periodontist at Camden High Street Practice

Periodontics is concerned with the health of the structures around the teeth. It paves the road for the successful execution of other dental procedures. Conditions that require periodontist attention include:

Scaling and root planning

This process involves deep cleaning beneath the gum line. It is similar to the scaling procedure performed at your regular check-up visits by your dental hygienist but more professional. A root surface smoothening or root planning is beneficial to remove all bacterial colonies and promote healing.
Symptoms of gum diseases include bleeding, swollen gums, gum recession, loose teeth, pain or discomfort, bad breath and taste.

Periodontal maintenance is required when a chronic gingival inflammation exists, leading to bone resolving around the teeth and deep pocket formation. A periodontal pocket is when there is an increase in the minute space between your gum and teeth due to bone resorption. The average depth of this space is less than 3 mm. A condition where there is excessive bone resorption may lead to loosening of the teeth.

This condition requires a Periodontal visit every 3-4 months to monitor the healing of the pocket to prevent further damage.

This process is painful and takes place under the effect of local anesthesia.

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Periodontal surgery

It includes all surgeries performed on the tissues surrounding the teeth.

Gingival flap surgery: the gums are moved away from the teeth to expose the full depth of the pocket and the root surface. Our expert periodontologists will clean the root surface and reposition and stitch the gums. It is indicated in the case of moderate to severe periodontal tissue inflammation.

Bone graft: if you suffer from severe periodontal inflammation, bone resorption is inevitable. Bone resorption will eventually cause loosening of the teeth. A bone graft procedure is a treatment through which the periodontologist can use a bone-like material or a graft from your bone to stimulate bone growth at the area showing resorption.

Gingival graft:   Gum adds an aesthetic touch to your smile. When gums recede, teeth will appear elongated because of the exposed root surface, which decreases the acceptance of your smile. This procedure is beneficial to restore the gum level around the teeth when you have receded gums. A tissue graft is collected from the roof of your mouth or a tissue bank.

Crown lengthening: when a tooth is fractured at the gum line, a crown lengthening procedure is of great use to increase the crown height. It aims to move the coronal tooth margin above the gingival line by removing a few millimeters of the gums and alveolar bone around the tooth to increase crown retention.

Smile lift: some people suffer from overgrowth of the gingival tissue, which causes covering of a part of the tooth. A smile lift is a cosmetic surgery to remove excess tissue to improve the smile’s appearance. In some cases, bone is removed as well.

Frenectomythe frenum is a band of connective tissue that holds one structure to another. In your mouth, there are two frenum: lingual and labial. The lingual frenum attaches the tongue to the gingiva, and the labial frenum attaches the upper lip to the gingiva. If the frenum is too tight, it causes limitation of movement of the tongue or lips and may cause gingival recession. During a frenectomy, the periodontist cuts a little in the frenum tissue to free it.

Other periodontal surgery proceduresa periodontist may also extract a tooth if it is fractured below the gum line and can participate in dental implant surgery. 

Camden High Sreet Practice periodontics visit

During your visit to our periodontics department, our experts will assess all aspects of your periodontal tissues to assess the problem.

An initial step of assessing your medical history is mandatory. Some medications, such as anticonvulsants, are known to cause gingival enlargement. Also, multiple medical conditions like heart disease, pregnancy, and diabetes may increase the incidence of gingival inflammation.

Then, a clinical examination of the periodontal health through:

  • Measuring the periodontal pockets using a measuring tool called a periodontal probe.
  • Gingival recession.
  • Teeth loosening.
  • Bite.

An additional step of X-ray may be beneficial to assess the alveolar bone health.

Following this step of data collection, the suitable periodontal treatment is selected.

A healthy gingival tissue is an integral part of a beautiful smile. Periodontics is the branch of dentistry caring for your gum and bone. At Camden High Street Practice, our elite team of highly experienced and knowledgeable periodontists are always ready to support you in solving any periodontal issues. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that cares for all the structures surrounding the teeth. These structures include cementum, alveolar bone, gums, and periodontal ligaments. The dental professional responsible for periodontal health is called a periodontist. 

A dentist can perform all restorative and preventive dental procedures, such as fillings, crowns, and bridges. A periodontist is concerned with the tissues around the tooth, like the alveolar bone, cementum, gums, and periodontal ligament.

If you have any problem in the tissues around a tooth, you should schedule a visit to a periodontist. These conditions include severe periodontitis, gum recession, bone resorption, removing excess gingival tissues, or freeing a tight frenum. 

It is quite the opposite. Your dentist may refer you to a periodontist to ensure you receive more specialized care for your periodontal tissues.

All our dentists at Camden High Street Dental can treat early periodontits, where there is bleeding gums and minimal bone loss. However we have 2 specialist periodontists at our New Cross Clinic and at our flagship Dulwich Clinic. You do not need a referral. For New Cross Click Here or call 020 7639 3323, or book online 24/7 here. For Dulwich Click here or call 020 8693 3339 or book online 24/7 by clicking here.

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I have been registered at this dental practice now, for just over 15 years. Throughout that whole period, I have been lucky enough to have been looked after by the wonderful, and patient, Dr Prasad. He has covered many procedures in my mouth, from extraction, and root canal, right up to the most recent procedure, Composite bonding of my broken two front teeth. Do not hesitate to register at this practise, as you will be looked after with care and consideration.

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